Parkland Calculator

Safely calculate fluid needs for burn patients using our Parkland Formula Calculator. Just enter the patient’s weight and burn severity to get the right amount of fluids for effective resuscitation.

Parkland formula calculator

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Fluids to give over first 24 hours
Total fluids
First 8 hours
Total amount/8h --
IV flow --
First 16 hours
Total amount/16h --
IV flow --

Caring for burn victims requires precise management of fluid resuscitation. The Parkland Formula is a life saving guide used globally by medical professionals to determine the right amount of fluids for burn patients.

This guide will unravel the workings of this tool, helping you understand its importance in emergency patient care. 

Understanding the Parkland Formula

The Parkland Formula is a critical tool utilized by medical professionals to calculate fluid requirements for burn victims—a method that ensures proper hydration and recovery. Whether it’s an adult or child, grasping the concept behind this formula is pivotal in managing one of the most challenging health problems efficiently and with precision.

Definition and Purpose

The Parkland Formula is a guide doctors use to figure out how much fluid someone with burns needs in the first 24 hours after getting hurt. This method helps them treat patients better and faster.

It matters because burns can cause a lot of fluid loss, which can harm the body if not treated right.

Doctors turn to this formula, especially for people with bad burns, like second or third degree ones. By using it right, they can make sure the patient gets enough fluids through an IV.

This keeps blood flowing well and organs working as they should during healing.

Use in Adults and Children

Doctors and nurses use the Parkland formula for people of all ages. This includes both adults and kids. They have to know how much skin got burnt on someone’s body. For grown ups, they often use something called the “Wallace Rule of Nines” to figure out this number.

It’s a way to see how much of the body has burned in each area by looking at nines.

For children, it is a bit different because their bodies are not the same size as adults. So, there is another chart that shows what part of a child’s body gets counted as more or less important when checking burn size.

This helps make sure kids get just enough fluid after getting burned—not too little or too much. Nurses and doctors need these tools so they can care for everyone, no matter if they’re big or small. Empower your health assessment with our ALC Calculator. Swiftly calculate your Absolute Lymphocyte Count (ALC) using our intuitive tool.

How does the Parkland formula work?

Parkland formula

The Parkland formula is a way to figure out how much fluid a person with severe burns needs. It uses two main numbers: the size of the burn and the weight of the person. To use it, you first find out what percent of the body has been burned.

This could be from things like fire or boiling water. Next, you check how heavy the person is in pounds or kilograms.

Then, put these numbers into the formula: 4 milliliters of fluid times the weight in kilograms times the percentage of burns. The result tells you how many fluids they need during the first 24 hours after getting hurt.

Half of this amount should be given in the first 8 hours, and then given away rest over the next 16 hours. It’s really important for helping people who have been badly burned to get better fast.

Factors to Consider

When calculating fluid resuscitation with the Parkland formula, clinicians must ponder critical factors, two of which pivot on accurately determining the patient’s Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) affected by burns and their weight.

These elements are vital in tailoring an effective treatment protocol, as they directly influence the volume and rate of intravenous fluids required for optimal recovery.

Total Body Surface Area (TBSA)

Finding out the Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) that’s burned is a big deal for treating burns. It tells doctors how much skin got hurt. They work it out by looking at the person’s whole body.

This number helps them decide on the best way to care for the burn.

For kids and adults, they use different ways to figure out TBSA because their bodies are not the same size. Knowing this area helps doctors give enough fluids and medicine. If someone gets a serious burn, figuring out TBSA fast can help save their life and make them better sooner. Optimize your health journey with our BMI BSA Calculator. Seamlessly calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI) and Body Surface Area (BSA) for a comprehensive understanding of your health.

Patient’s Weight

The Parkland Formula needs the weight of the person who has burns to work right. This number helps figure out how much fluid they should get after being burned. It’s key to use the correct weight so doctors can give good care.

Weighing a patient might seem simple, but it’s a must for treating serious burns.

For our calculator, you just put in your weight in any unit like pounds or kilograms. Then, it uses that weight to help find out how much fluid you will need if you ever have a burn.

Getting this step right means getting better faster and with fewer problems from the burn.

How to Properly Treat a Burn

Treating a burn effectively demands careful consideration of the injury’s severity and understanding the patient’s needs—ensuring prompt, adequate care can make all the difference.

Strategies such as assessing Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) and accounting for individual health parameters are paramount in tailoring treatment plans that promote healing and recovery.

Barthel Index

The Barthel Index is a way to measure how well someone can do daily tasks like eating, dressing, and walking. Doctors use it to understand a patient’s needs after a burn injury. It helps them decide what kind of care the person will need as they heal.

With this index, each action has points. More points mean the person can do more on their own. Health experts look at these scores to plan treatments that help patients get back to normal life faster.

This tool makes sure everyone gets the right support for recovery.

Hemoglobin A1c

Haemoglobin A1c level

Just like the Barthel Index helps with understanding a patient’s ability to do everyday tasks, Hemoglobin A1c reveals important information about their blood. This test measures how much sugar is stuck to the hemoglobin in your red blood cells.

It shows doctors what your average blood sugar level was over the past two or three months.

Knowing this number is key for people who have burns and also diabetes. Burns can make blood sugar levels go up and down in strange ways. So, keeping an eye on Hemoglobin A1c can help both you and your doctor manage your health better during burn treatment.

It tells if you need more medicine or changes in diet to keep your sugar levels just right while you heal from a burn.

Pizza Size

Pizza size might seem odd in a talk about treating burns, but it’s quite useful. Think of the size of a pizza as similar to the total area of skin that gets burned on someone’s body.

Doctors need to know how big the burn is, just like you need to know how big a pizza is when you’re hungry. If only part of your arm gets burned, it’s like having one slice of pizza—much less than if half your body was hurt, which would be like a whole large pizza.

The bigger the burn, or the ‘pizza,’ the more careful doctors must be with treatment. They use this information to figure out how much special fluid the patient needs in their body so they can start healing.

Just as different people can eat different amounts of pizza slices before feeling full, different patients may need different amounts of fluid depending on their injury size and weight.

This helps them get better faster after getting burned. Prioritize mental health in the golden years, embark on a comprehensive evaluation with our Geriatric Depression Calculator.

Step by step Guide On How Our Calculator Works

Our Parkland Calculator is a smart tool that helps you figure out how much fluid someone with burns needs. It’s easy to use and gives quick results. Here’s how it works:

  1. Input your weight in any unit (tons, tonnes, grams, kilograms, pounds, or ounces) using the Parkland calculator, and it will convert it for accuracy.
  2. Specify the percentage of the body affected by burns, considering factors like blisters or significant skin damage.
  3. Click the calculate button to let the calculator quickly determine the required fluid volume for effective burn treatment.
  4. Receive detailed results, including fluid requirements for the first 24 hours, presented in milliliters (ml).
  5. Understand specific fluid amounts and IV flow rates (ml per hour) for the initial 8 hours and the subsequent 16 hours.

This tool aids in precise care planning for medical professionals or caregivers, ensuring accurate information for burn treatment.


Let’s walk through an example of how to use the Parkland Calculator. This tool helps doctors figure out how much fluid a burn patient needs.

  • First, imagine a person weighs 150 pounds and has burns on 30% of their body.
  • You would enter 150 in the weight section and choose “pound” from the options.
  • Next, type in 30 for the burn percentage.
  • After that, press the calculate button to get your results.
  • The calculator will tell you how much fluid is needed for the first 24 hours.
  • It splits this into two parts: what’s needed in the first 8 hours and what’s needed in the next 16 hours.
  • For our example, it might say: “First 8 hours, give 2700 ml,” which means set the IV to deliver around 337 ml/hour.
  • Then it could say: “Next 16 hours, give another 2700 ml,” so you adjust the IV to about 169 ml/hour.


1. What is the Rule of Nines?

The Rule of Nines, or the Wallace rule of nines, is used to quickly assess what percentage of the body’s total surface area (BSA) has been afflicted by burns. It assigns a value of either 9 or a multiple of 9 (18, 36) to every body region and thus enables you to estimate the burn area with just a visual examination.

2. When is the Parkland Calculator used?

The Parkland Calculator is used by licensed healthcare clinicians, including emergency department clinicians or providers in burn units, when calculating fluid resuscitation requirements for a recent critical burn injury.

3. What is the significance of the 24-hours period in the Parkland formula?

The 24-hour period is significant because it represents the critical time frame for fluid resuscitation in burn patients. The goal is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes within this period to prevent shock and organ failure.

4. What types of fluids are used in the Parkland formula?

The Parkland formula typically recommends the use of crystalloid fluids such as Lactated Ringer’s solution for resuscitation.

5. How accurate is the Parkland Calculator?

While the Parkland Calculator provides a useful guideline, it may not be entirely accurate for every patient due to individual variations in physiology, the severity of the burn, and other factors. Therefore, it’s important to monitor the patient’s response to fluid resuscitation and adjust as necessary.

6. Can the Parkland Calculator be used for children?

Yes, the Parkland Calculator can be used for children, but the formula is slightly adjusted. For children, the formula is 3 ml x % TBSA x weight (kg).

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